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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林香岑(2001)。《高中「電化學」概念媒體教學與教師教學策略之研究》。國立台灣師範大學碩士論文。
  2. 林麗娟(1996)。多媒體電腦圖像設計與視覺記憶的關係。《教學科技與媒體》,28期,P3∼12。
  3. 莊雅茹(1996)。CAL軟體動畫介面設計。《教學科技與媒體》,28期,P12-18。
  4. 陳啟明(1992)。發展紙筆測驗以探究高一學生對直流電路的迷思概念。《科學教育》。P41。
  5. 楊馨(2001)。《國中生學習「電化學」微型實驗教材研究》。國立台灣師範大學碩士論文。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 紀貫騰(2015)。使用教學表徵在國二自然與生活科技領域之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-140。 
  2. 謝惠如(2009)。電子教科書教學模式應用在國中英語科教學之研究。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-193。 
  3. 張秀澂(2002)。電腦動畫融入教學對國中生電化學學習成就影響之研究。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-162。
  4. 詹麗卿(2002)。中等學校化學動畫教材之研製。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-65。
  5. 吳承憲(2002)。網路多媒體輔助學習於高中化學學習成效之研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2002。1-116。
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