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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李武勳(民89):國中學生氣體壓力概念之教學成效探討。國立台灣師範大學師範大學化學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 許健將(民79):利用二段式測驗探查高三學生有關共價鍵及分子結構之迷思概念。國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 許健將、郭重吉、李成康(民81):利用二段式測驗探查高三學生有關共價鍵及分子結構之迷思概念。科學教育,3,175-197。
  4. 葛玟菁(民91):應用粒子模型之模擬教具探討國中學生物質狀態概念之學習成效。國立台灣師範大學師範大學化學研究所碩士論文。
  5. Abraham, M. R., Grzybowski, E. B., Renner, J. W., & Marek, E. A. (1992). Understandings and misunderstandings of eighth graders of five chemistry concepts found in textbooks. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 29(2), 105-120.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳明沂(2006)。國小六年級數學乘除法概念二段式 診斷測驗之發展與應用。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-132。 
  2. 林樹榮(2002)。利用兩段式診斷測驗探討國中學生有關元素、化合物之概念。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-91。
  3. 楊勝安(2002)。以學習環之教學策略探討國中學生溶液相關概念的學習成效。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2002。1-150。
  4. 吳永旭(2002)。以模擬及示範實驗教學探討國中學生對於蒸發、凝結與沸騰概念之學習成效。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2002。1-141。
  5. 江青釗(2005)。以兩段式紙筆測驗探討高一學生的原子與離子概念。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-78。
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