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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李武勳(民89):國中學生氣體壓力概念之教學成效探討。國立台灣師範大學師範大學化學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 錢正之(民88):教育理論演進對CAI設計與教學的影響---以科學教育為例。課程與教學季刊,2(4),27-42。
  3. Alessi, S.M., & Trollip, S. R. (1991). Computer-based instruction: Methods and development. NJ: Prentice Hall.
  4. Gabel, D. L., Samuel, K. V., & Hunn, D. (1987) Understanding the particulate nature of matter. Journal of Chemical Education, 64(8), 695-697.
  5. Herron, J. D.(1978). Piaget in the classroom : guidelines for applications. Journal of Chemical Education, 55(3), 165-170.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊勝安(2002)。以學習環之教學策略探討國中學生溶液相關概念的學習成效。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2002。1-150。
  2. 吳永旭(2002)。以模擬及示範實驗教學探討國中學生對於蒸發、凝結與沸騰概念之學習成效。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2002。1-141。
  3. 黃玉菁(2003)。以紙筆測驗探討高二學生粒子迷思概念。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2003。1-73。
  4. 楊鵬耀(2004)。探究電腦多媒體教學對於國三學生學習酸鹼概念與概念改變之歷程。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-227。
  5. 江青釗(2005)。以兩段式紙筆測驗探討高一學生的原子與離子概念。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-78。
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