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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 田振榮(民85)。教育目標。載於江文雄主編,技術及職業教育概論。第三章。台北:師大書苑。
  2. 江文雄(民85)。技術及職業教育概論。台北:師大書苑。
  3. 李堅萍(民89)。Simpson、Harrow與Goldberger 心理動作領域教育目標分類之比較研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所博士論文。台北:國家圖書館。
  4. 邱上真(民80)。學習策略教學的理論與實際。特殊教育與復健學報, 1-49頁。
  5. 林麗慧(民79)。聽覺障礙學生數學教學策略初探,聽覺障礙者之教育與福祉。中華特殊教育學會、國立台灣師範大學特殊教育中心、臺北市師範學院特殊教育中心編印。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林玟吟(2008)。啟聰學校高職聽障學生生涯發展之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2008。1-110。 
  2. 潘淑靜(2006)。探討多媒體註記工具應用於程序性知識的學習。中央大學資訊工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-111。
  3. 廖育鋒(2008)。以科技接受模式探討聽覺障礙者使用Wii遊戲機之研究。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-74。
  4. 謝靜儀(2012)。台北市市立高職綜合職能科學生參與技能檢定訓練與就業準備度之關係。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2012。1-153。
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