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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 17 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 鄭晉昌(1993),電腦輔助學習的新教學設計¾認知學徒制。教育資料與圖書館學,第31卷,第1期,頁55-66。
    2. Collins, A., Brown, Holum, A. (1991). Cognitive Apprenticeship: Making Teaching the Craft of Reading, Writing, and Mathematics. In L.B. Resnick (ed.), Knowing, Learning, and Instruction: Essays in Honor of Robert Glaser. Hillsdale, N.J: Erbaum.p.453-494.
    3.   Schoenfeld, A. H.(1985). Mathematical problem solving. New York.: Academic Press.
    4. rf Polya, G.(1957,閻育蘇譯,民80):怎樣解題。台北市:九章。
    5. 吳美滿(1998):波利亞的解題步驟對國中比例單元教學效果之研究。台北市:國立台灣師範大學碩士論文。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林璟禧(2008)。認知學徒制融入國小六年級 數學合作學習之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-152。 
    2. 陳巧莉(2007)。探討國二學生代數文字題列式表現及波利亞表列法的教學成效之研究--以二元一次聯立方程式為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-168。
    3. 張愛俐(2007)。探討國中生化學反應式與比例推理學習成就及其相關。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-175。
    4. 李佳麟(2014)。國小六年級社會領域教學之行動研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-158。
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