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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方泰山(民88)。第一屆至第三十屆(民國57~87年)國際化學奧林匹亞競賽試題(中文版)。國立台灣師範大學化學系。化學研究所主編。
  2. 林俊華(民75)。國中科學過程技能學習成就之調查研究。國立臺灣師大學物理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 吳清山、林天祐,王文中。(民88)吳慧珍(民89)。國立臺灣師範大學地球科學研究所。探討學生透過網際網路進行合作學習對其科學過程技能的影響。
  4. 張華傑(民89)。不同評量模式的評量效果。國立臺灣師大學物理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 劉哲淵(民89)。國際化學奧林匹亞競賽(IChO)原命題建構與我國學生實作風格之研究。國立臺灣師大學化學研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 康素瑜(2003)。第三十五屆國際化學奧林匹亞不同管道選訓營學員創造力與代表隊選手解理論試題的分析比較研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2003。1-152。
  2. 吳佳儒(2006)。第卅七屆國際化學奧林匹亞競賽實作有機合成評量試題之研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2006。1-180。
  3. 林嘉祺(2010)。第41屆英國牛津劍橋國際化學奧林匹亞競賽台灣代表隊選拔過程、輔導與成果的分析比較研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2010。1-121。
  4. 吳道愉(2012)。我國參與國際科學奧林匹亞競賽選手專業發展的追蹤研究—以1991~1996年參賽選手為對象。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2012。1-161。
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