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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳盟仁(2001):國中網路虛擬化學實驗。國立臺灣師範大學碩士論文。
  2. 廖淑苹(2000):發展國中「分子」多元媒體與概念學習研究。台北:國立臺灣師大學碩士論文。
  3. 林香岑(2001):高中「電化學」概念媒體教學與教師教學策略之研究。國立臺灣師範大學碩士論文。
  4. De Jong, Onno; Others(1995): Problems in Teaching the Topic of Redox Reactions: Actions and Conceptions of Chemistry Teachers. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 32(10), 1097-1110.
  5. Garnett P.J. & Treagust D.F.(1992a): Conceptual difficulties experience by high school students of electrochemistry: electric circuits and oxidation-reduction equations. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 29(2), 121-142.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊鵬耀(2004)。探究電腦多媒體教學對於國三學生學習酸鹼概念與概念改變之歷程。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-227。
  2. 蔡盈欣(2007)。應用電腦多媒體融入教學對國中生呼吸單元學習成就影響之研究。臺灣師範大學生命科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-173。
  3. 黃淑貞(2010)。應用不同媒體融入教學對國中生學習成就之影響:以生物科技為例。臺灣師範大學生命科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-94。
  4. 蔡俊義(2011)。多重表徵理論在理化科教學成效之研究—以酸鹼鹽單元為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-186。
  5. 蔡月卿(2012)。電腦動畫在教學上的應用-以粒子觀點解釋平衡概念。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-82。
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