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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 205 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁興祥、李美枝、陳皎眉(民78)。社會心理學。台北市:敦繹文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 吳清山(民91)。提升學校競爭力的理念與策略。台灣教育,614,2-8。
  3. 吳清山、林天佑(民89) 。教育名詞-知識經濟。教育資料與研究,37,100。
  4. 吳毓琳(民90)。知識管理在國民中學學校行政運用之研究。未出版碩士論文,台北市:國立臺灣師範大學。
  5. 林安梧(民88)。二十一世紀通識教育與知識經濟的探索
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃凱陽(2010)。台北縣國民中學學校教師會運作對學校效能影響之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-148。 
  2. 常婷婷(2005)。我國高職學校競爭策略之研究-以國立X高職為例。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2005。1-126。
  3. 王文珠(2006)。臺北市高級中等學校教師參與決定模式與學校效能之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-211。
  4. 楊念湘(2007)。臺北市優質學校評鑑指標之研究─以行政管理向度為例。政治大學教育行政與政策研究所學位論文。2007。1-283。
  5. 何建輝(2017)。學校人力資源管理與學校組織效能關係之研究-以高雄市鳳山區國民中學為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-61。
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