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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方崇雄(民68)。我國公立高工學生升學及就業意願調查分析。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。
    2. 林怡君(民90)。建構教學對輕度智能障礙學生數概念應用成效之研究。國立高雄師範大學特殊教育學研究所碩士論文。
    3. 林淑理(民89)。高職延修生自我概念、學習行為與學校適應之相關研究。國立師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
    4. 林淑靜(民90)。建構主義在國中地理教學之應用—以「認識台灣地理篇」水文單元為例。國立臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所碩士論文。
    5. 陳文典(民86a)。科學課程採訪報導-SS&C 課程研發實況簡介。物理教育,第一卷第二期,頁65-76。
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