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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃津文(2002)。幼兒與老人代間課程之研究。國立台灣師範大學家政教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. Chowdhary, U.(2002). An Intergenerational Curricular Module for Teaching Aging Appreciation to Seventh-Graders. Educational Gerontology,28,553-560.
  3. Hummert, M., Garstka, T., Shaner, J.,& Strahm, S.(1995).Age and typicality of judgements of stereotypes of the elderly: Perceptions of elderly and young adults. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 37, 217-226.
  4. Knapp, J. L.(2000). Changing students’ perceptions of aging: the impact of intergeneration service learning course. Educational Gerontology, 26, 611-621.
  5. Palmore,E.(1981). The Facts on Aging Quiz: Part Two. Gerontology,21(4),431-437.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤惠娟(2009)。臺北縣國民小學教師對利用閒置空間推廣高齡教育認知與態度之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-154。 
  2. 蔡世彥(2015)。台灣社會工作員多元文化能力之探討-以台中地區的社會工作員與社會工作系學生比較研究為例。中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-134。 
  3. 蔡恩子(2011)。一起來學習:某南台灣老人機構院民代間互動歷程之研究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2011。1-104。 
  4. 陳怡真(2007)。老幼代間環境教育課程建構之探究-以基隆市某國小附幼為例。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-217。
  5. 胡淑慧(2008)。成人學生對邁向成功老化的認知.準備程度及學習需求之研究-以台北市某技術學院進修專校成人學生為例。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-195。
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