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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 197 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 中國教育學會主編(1986):有效教學研究,台灣書店。
  2. 13. 王鑫(1995)自然景觀及特殊地質地形現象登錄計畫──台北縣、桃園縣,台灣大學地理學系。
  3. 39. 辛治寧(1999):活動單設計初步與在博物館教育之應用,科技博物,第3卷第1期,頁27-29。
  4. 70. 韋煙灶(民91):鄉土教學及教學資源調查,國立台灣師範大學地理學系,地理研究叢書第28號。
  5. 77. 張碧員(1994):台灣賞樹情報,大樹文化事業股份有限公司。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖財固(2005)。高中地理實察教學實踐之研究--以高一地理為例。臺灣師範大學地理學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-0。
  2. 黃珮珍(2007)。應用社區資源進行高中地理實察之行動研究。臺灣師範大學地理學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-142。
  3. 楊千儀(2017)。專題式學習應用於高中地理實察課程之行動研究。清華大學教育與學習科技學系學位論文。2017。1-171。
  4. 廖宏哲(2017)。高中地理實察選修課程之學生學習成效研究。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-196。
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