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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋文娟(2001):〈一種質量並重的研究法—德菲法在醫務管理學研究領域之應用〉。《醫務管理期刊》,第2卷,第2期,11-20。
  2. 林文澤(2001):〈全球環境永續發展之民眾參與的意義與實例探討〉。《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第31期,1-4。
  3. 林建昌(2002):《台北市國民小學學校願景發展之研究》。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所,碩士論文。
  4. 邱淑芬、蔡欣玲(1996):〈德爾菲預測術—一種專家預測的護理研究法〉。《護理研究》,第4卷,第1期,75-78。
  5. 孫志鴻、林明志、連敏芳、余政達(2002):〈地方永續發展推動機制之研擬〉。《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第33期,2-6。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖春芬(2008)。丹大地區布農族狩獵管理規範建立之研究。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2008。1-101。 
  2. 廖慧怡(2005)。「環境教育機會序列」之探討與運用:以金門國家公園為例。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2005。1-187。
  3. 林美君(2006)。金門高中職學生環境素養調查研究。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-199。
  4. 陳志奇(2006)。國民小學主任核心職能之研究。臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-232。
  5. 沈永華(2007)。第三部門使用公用頻道之探究—以臺北市公用頻道為例。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2007。1-139。
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