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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 246 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王春展(民 86):專家與生手問題解決能力的差異及其在教學上的啟示。教育研究資訊,5
  2. 林志忠(民 88): 後設認知策略對資優兒童科學解題能力影響之研究。國立台灣師範大學
  3. 張志豪(民89):高中生活科技課程創造思考教學對學生學習成效之影響。國立台灣師範大
  4. 張振松(民 90):自然科創造性問題解決教學對國小學童創造力及問題解決能力之研究。
  5. 大學特殊教育研究所博士班論文(未出版)。
Times Cited (18) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林淑娟(2014)。學習共同體融入國小低年級教學對學生問題解決能力影響之行動研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-168。 
  2. 邱佳慧(2010)。應用WebQuest於部落格平台進行問題解決教學之行動研究—以社會領域為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-186。 
  3. 邱文鳳(2012)。問題本位學習對國小六年級學童燃燒概念改變之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-146。 
  4. 江淑惠(2010)。七年級學生在科學社團探究式實驗活動之問題解決表現。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-114。 
  5. 陳建樺(2009)。問題本位學習對四年級學童問題解決、批判思考及概念改變之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-162。 
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