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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Canale, M. & Swain, M. 1980. Theoretical Bases of Communicative Approaches to Second Language Teaching and Testing. Applied Linguistics (1):27.
    2. Charles C. Fries. 1963. Linguistics and Reading. New York: Holt Rinehart and Winstion.
    3. Chomsky, Noam 1991. Linguistics and adjacent fields: A persona view. In a Kasher. The Chomsky a Turn. Cambridge, Mass: Basil Blackwell, 1991:26-55.
    4. Firth, J. R. 1957. Papers in Linguistics, London: Oxford University Press.
    5. Grundy, Peter. 2000. Doing Pragmatics. London: Amold
    Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
    1. 何佳蓉(2011)。華語溝通教學活動設計與成效研究─以中文初級複習課為例。中原大學應用華語文學系學位論文。2011。1-151。 
    2. 吳馥如(2007)。中級華語交際溝通會話課程之設計與實證。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2007。1-272。
    3. 洪芸琳(2008)。抱怨語境下的難點分析及教學應用-以日籍漢語學習者為例。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2008。1-153。
    4. 岳丹薇(2009)。任務型教學在初級華語教學上之成效。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2009。1-123。
    5. 陳武天(2010)。現代漢語「的」字結構的語法分析與教學應用。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2010。1-89。
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