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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李隆盛(1998),MST取向的國中生活科技教材教法。生活科技教育月刊,31(10),2-8。
  2. 孫仲山(1991),工藝教育的文化功能。中學工藝教育月刊,24(11), 2-9。
  3. 孫仲山(1997),科技素養教育的本質。中學工藝教育月刊,30(4), 2-8。
  4. 張春興(1989) ,張氏心理學辭典。台北:東華。
  5. 張春興(1996),心理學。台北:東華。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳淑芬(2014)。高中在校成績與大學學測成績預測之數學模型建立-以台中市長億高中為例。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2014。1-69。 
  2. 謝宛臻(2015)。運用資料探勘技術於進口精品傢俱之顧客分析。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2015。1-50。 
  3. 楊朝艾(2015)。運用類神經網路訓練於預測高中學生大學學科能力測驗成績之研究-以高雄市某高中為例。義守大學工業管理學系學位論文。2015。1-86。 
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