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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部(民90)。身心障礙者生活需求調查報告(社會福利服務篇)。台北市:內政部。
  2. 林宏熾(民89):身心障礙青年社區生活品質狀況之分析。特殊教育研究學刊,20,1-21。
  3. America Association of Mental Retardation (2002). Mental retardation: Definition, classification, and systems of supports (10th ed.). Washington, DC: The Author.
  4. Biklen, S. K., & Moseley, C. R. (1988). “Are you retarded?” “No, I’m catholic”: Qualitative methods in the study of people with severe handicaps. The Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, 13(3), 155-162.
  5. Bogdan, R., & Taylor, S. (1976). The judged, not the judges. An insider's view of mental retardation. America Psychology, 31(1), 47-52.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉琇姍(2016)。「做個就業好公民」的身心障礙者就業促進論述-以建制民族誌觀點分析。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2016。1-354。 
  2. 許媛婷(2007)。非營利組織推展智能障礙者休閒方案之個案研究─以育成社會福利基金會智障者青年友誼社為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-247。
  3. 陳美利(2010)。高職輕度智能障礙畢業生就業歷程之研究。臺灣師範大學復健諮商研究所學位論文。2010。1-172。
  4. 許秋凰(2011)。這是我的家?心智障礙者團體家庭之生活樣貌。臺灣師範大學復健諮商研究所學位論文。2011。1-172。
  5. 陳維婷(2013)。從不可能到可能?兩名綜合職能科自閉症畢業生轉銜至就業歷程。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2013。1-255。
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