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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 邱美虹(2000):概念改變的省思與啟示。科學教育學刊, 8(1), 1-34。
    2. 郭生玉(1985)。心理與教育測驗。台北:精華書局。
    3. 郭重吉(1991):國中學生熱與溫度概念的另有架構。彰師大學報, 2, 435-463。
    4. 郭振揚(2004):建構科學概念雙階層式線上測驗系統之發展研究。台北市:國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
    5. 張春興(1997):教育心理學。台北:五南圖書。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 呂志峰(2007)。中學生月相盈虧相關迷思概念類型與概念改變過程之探討。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2007。1-114。
    2. 白佩宜(2008)。探討不同探究式教學法對高一學生科學探究能力成長之影響。臺灣師範大學地球科學系(暑期)教學碩士學位班學位論文。2008。1-127。
    3. 張文馨(2010)。探討後設認知引導策略對學生探究能力與概念改變的影響。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2010。1-165。
    4. 蕭建華(2013)。介入自我效能對高一學生地球科學學習成效之影響。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2013。1-126。
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