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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王世杰(民89)。國中學生電腦態度量表發展研究。國立高雄師範大學工業科技教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 宋若光(民87)。台北市高工應屆畢業生電腦素養、電腦態度及其相關因素研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所未出版碩士論文。
  3. 姚秀雲(民92)。高中學生的電腦態度調查分析。國立高雄師範大學工業科技教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 教育部(民91a)。挑戰2008:國家發展重點計畫(2002-2007)。台北:教育部。
  5. 陳怜伶(民89)。高雄市高中教師電腦態度之研究。國立高雄師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 龍維明(2006)。國中學生選擇綜合高中因素之研究-以台南地區為例。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-191。
  2. 劉恭言(2007)。桃園縣公立國民中學學生使用電腦的態度之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-174。
  3. 鄭士銘(2008)。全球定位系統應用於高中大地尋寶活動之學習成效與使用態度之研究。臺灣師範大學圖文傳播學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-135。
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