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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林宜怡(2000)。組織生涯發展之程度對工作態度影響之探討。國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園。
  2. 張添洲(1993)。生涯發展與規劃。台北:五南。
  3. 陳智德(2001)。管理顧問業服務品質、顧客滿意度與顧客忠誠度研究。國立成功大學企業管理學系(EMBA)專班碩士論文,未出版,台南。
  4. Buchanan, B.(1974). Building organizational commitment:The socialization of managers in work organization. Administrative Science Quarterly, 19(4), 533-546.
  5. Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: choosing among five traditions. London: Sage Publication.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾介谷(2007)。組織發展與中高齡員工人力資源再運用之研究-以新宇公司為例。臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-112。
  2. 陳彥伯(2007)。新聞性電視談話節目主持人職場生涯發展之研究。臺灣師範大學圖文傳播學系學位論文。2007。1-107。
  3. 黃明怡(2007)。臺灣北區人才培訓機構採用訓練品質計分卡認証之評估。臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系學位論文。2007。1-101。
  4. 郭蘭穎(2009)。影響我國航海業女性從業人員職涯發展相關因素之研究。臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系學位論文。2009。1-117。
  5. 許宸農(2016)。台灣中小企業二代接班後續培訓問題之研究。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-67。
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