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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國社區教育學會主編(1999)。社區終身學習。
  2. 江銘書(2002)學校社區化的策略規劃---一個國小校長的行動研究。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。台北。
  3. 何青蓉(2000)。從終身學習談博物館教育。博物館學季刊,4(2),7-14。
  4. 林振春(2000)。台灣社區教育發展之研究。台北:師大書苑。
  5. 林文生(2001)。學校本位課程發展—後現代課程的觀點。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉婉如(2007)。臺灣地區推動國際安全學校之現況調查研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系學位論文。2007。1-204。
  2. 吳雯菁(2008)。彰化縣國民中小學衛生組長對健康促進學校的認知、態度及執行程度之研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-179。
  3. 范綺萍(2010)。高中圖書館運用社區資源之研究-以台北縣立高級中學為例。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-161。
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