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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳幼妃(1977)。我國大學生次級文化調查研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 東吳大學社團大事記(1999)。台北市:東吳大學。
  3. 林至善(2000a)。學生社團輔導與發展。訓育研究,39(1),6-15。
  4. 邱筱琪(2003)。高等教育中的沈默耕耘者-女性大學學生事務行政人員生涯發展之質性研究。國立台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 柯慧貞(2003)。南區大專校院學生之社團活動參與程度及其與憂鬱、自殺之關係(摘要)。載於林至善(主編),學生事務與社團輔導第四輯(頁509)。台北市:東吳大學。
Times Cited (24) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉日承(2014)。大學生社團參與與學習投入關係之研究-以淡江大學為例。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-135。 
  2. 李佳娜(2015)。餐飲類別技能檢定對就業力影響之研究-以觀光旅館內場從業人員為例。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-104。 
  3. 盧瑞清(2011)。體育性社團活動學習動機與學習滿意度之相關研究~以高屏地區高職羽球社學生為例。屏東科技大學休閒運動保健系所學位論文。2011。1-130。 
  4. 江慧芬(2005)。從夾縫與探索中建構輔導工作:六所大專校院學生自治團體指導老師輔導經驗之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-277。
  5. 陳玫伸(2006)。台北縣高中生社團參與態度及自我效能之相關研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-184。
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