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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方怡堯(2002)。溫泉遊客遊憩涉入與遊憩體驗關係之研究-以北投溫泉為例。未出版碩士論文,台灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所,台北市。
  2. 王聖博(2004)。影響消費者購買決策因素之探討-以茶飲料消費者為例。未出版碩士論文,成功大學高階管理碩士專班,台南。
  3. 交通部觀光局(2002)。中華民國九十年國人國內旅遊狀況調查報告。台北市:交通部觀光局。
  4. 宋欣雅(2004)。新北投地區溫泉旅館服務品質與遊客購後行為之研究。未出版碩士論文,台灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所,台北市。
  5. 李貽鴻(2002)。台灣發展觀光的作法,台灣經濟研究月刊,25(4),34-39。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳國榮(2008)。大坑地區溫泉旅館遊客旅遊消費行為之研究。亞洲大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-133。
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