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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖佳慧(民93):成人生涯阻礙因應歷程之研究。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 鄭韻玫(民89):中年生涯轉換者工作價值轉化學習之研究。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 何粵東(民94):敘說研究方法論初探。應用心理研究,第25期,55-72。
  4. 徐諶(民91):培養真正熱愛教育的老師。師友月刊,2002年4月號,6-10。
  5. 陳永發(民90):應用生涯管理促進教師專業成長。師友月刊,2001年12月號,29-31。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃崇碩(2010)。移入型農民職業轉換歷程之研究。中興大學生物產業管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-157。 
  2. 林詩敏(2006)。中年女性職場轉換之經驗與學習研究--以兒童補教業為例。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2006。1-127。
  3. 鄭淑文(2006)。墾荒築基與追尋:一位巧固球教練的生命故事。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-154。
  4. 吳怡慧(2007)。中年女性教師子女教養行為研究-母職與教職之經驗滲透與反思。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2007。1-177。
  5. 劉雅慧(2007)。國小特殊教育教師生涯轉換至普通班教師之歷程。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-147。
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