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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方翠君(民93):邊緣型人格障礙團體心理治療概念與技巧之運用。台北市社區心衛中心,台灣向日葵全人關懷協會主辦「心理治療實務研習:邊緣型人格障礙的本土心理社會處置模式」之會議專刊(台北)。
  2. 江麗珍、陳珠璋、彭素玲、蔡尚穎、袁樂民(民82):日間留院精神分裂病患主題導向之人際互動團體心理治療。職能治療學會雜誌,11卷,51—62頁。
  3. 吳麗娟(92):一個諮商員的專業成長:一個「人」的成長—從Human doing到Human being。中華輔導學報,14期,1—30頁。
  4. 洪雅鳳(民92):團體諮商中的抗拒與反抗拒。諮商與輔導月刊,210期, 10-20頁。
  5. 翁開誠(91):覺解我的治療理論與實踐—通過故事來成人之美。應用心理研究,第1 6期,23—69頁。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝宇鈞(2009)。不同性別團體帶領者問題解決之研究─以婚暴加害人團體帶領者為例。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-146。 
  2. 周鼎文(2008)。團體諮商專家與新手因應僵局之自我調整研究--以人際互動僵局為例。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2008。1-164。 
  3. 李素芬(2010)。憂鬱症團體領導者心理位移之經驗及影響分析研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2010。1-282。
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