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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳昆壽(民87):資優學生領導才能教育之探討。特殊教育與復健學報,6,1-14頁。
  2. 蔣明珊 (民85):台北市國小資優資源班課程實施現狀之調查研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文。(未出版)
  3. Bennis,W.(1989).On becoming a leader. Reading,Mass: Addison-Wesley.Warren Bennis Inc.
  4. Chan,W.(2000). Developing the creative leadership training program for gifted and talented students in Hong Kong. Roeper Review, Jan2000, Vol. 22 (2), 94-97.
  5. Deborah,A.S.(1986). Leadership training for high school girls: an intervention at one school. Journal of counseling and development.vol.65.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張國振(2008)。探索教育活動方案對國中資優班學生實施成效之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-165。
  2. 薛家琪(2011)。隔宿露營活動對國中生領導才能影響之研究 -以新北市某中學為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-143。
  3. 王琡棻(2012)。國小資優學生認知–情意交織特質之分析及其介入方案成效之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2012。1-367。
  4. 張書豪(2012)。國小資優生的夢境經驗研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2012。1-276。
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