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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

    Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 254 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 田秀蘭(民92)。社會認知生涯理論之興趣模式驗證研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理學報,34卷2期,247-266頁。
    2. 白博文(民72)。國中輔導工作評鑑之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    3. 朱苑瑜(民90)。國中實習教師之教師信念改變與其影響因素之關係。國立中山大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
    4. 朱淑雅(民87)。國民小學教師評鑑效標之研究。國立台北師範學院教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    5. 吳壁如(民89)。教師效能感之內涵分析。國立彰化師範大學教育研究所研習資訊,第17卷第5期。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 姚采町(2010)。運用三百六十度回饋機制於教師教學改 進之行動研究 -以桃園縣一位國民小學教師為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-225。 
    2. 陳秀如(2009)。焦點解決諮詢對高中職教師自我效能影響之初探研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-166。
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