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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王千倖(民88):「合作學習」和「問題導向學習」-
  2. 周金城(民91):以孔恩的常態科學探究高中師生科學社學群中科學探索活動的歷程─參與科學展覽活動之得獎個案分析。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文(未出版)。
  3. 邱月良(民92):國小科學展覽初探─由「生」到「師」。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  4. 吳淑敏(民93):傑出女性科學家生涯發展歷程及其成功因素之探討。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育系博士論文(未出版)
  5. 徐國士、馮桂莊(民91):我國參加國際奧林匹亞數理學科競賽及國際科學展覽競賽得獎同學保送大學後表現之專案追蹤研究報告。教育部委辦科學館研究。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李啟嘉(2012)。ADDIE教學設計模式融入專題導向學習對大學生問題解決能力及自我導向學習傾向影響之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-84。 
  2. 歐映青(2006)。以認知師徒制觀點探討科展績優教師應用科學社團指導學生進行科學探究活動之個案研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-171。
  3. 廖淑惠(2012)。同儕教練下初任資優班獨立研究教師的情緒勞務與學科教學知識的展現。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-329。
  4. 鍾宜騫(2012)。高中資優生的獨立研究現況、問題解決能力與態度之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-150。
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