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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王欣宜(民92)高職階段智能障礙學生社交技巧課程綱要 發展與應用成效之研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育 學系博士論文。未出版。
  2. 宋明君(民85):國中輕度智障及學障學生技藝教育班實施問題與改進方向。國立台灣師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文。未出版。
  3. 吳明隆(民94):SPSS統計應用學習實務:問卷分析與應用統計。台北市:知城數位科技股份有限公司。
  4. 鈕文英、王欣宜(民88):輕度智能障礙就業青年工作社會技能訓練效果之研究。師大學報,44(1及2),19-41。
  5. 許又勻、邱上真及鈕文英(民87):高職部輕度智能障礙學生認知行為取向之人際問題解決訓練成效研究。特殊教育與復健學報,6,177~211。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李秀卿(2010)。工作分析為基礎之視訊教材應用於國中智能障礙學生餐飲製作之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-161。 
  2. 陳靜儀(2013)。結構化策略介入中重度智能障礙學生烘焙課程學習之成效。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-154。
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