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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王天苗(民79):特殊教育資源網之建立與運作模式。特殊教育,35,9-16。
  2. 沈麗慧(民91):普通班教師改善學習障礙兒童學習適應之行動研究。國立臺北師範學院特殊教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  3. 國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育中心編(民87a):八十六學年度輔導區特殊教育研討會手冊。臺北:國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育中心。
  4. 國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育中心編(民87b):修訂特殊教育法及其相關子法研討專輯。臺灣師範大學教育研究所集刊,22,31-44。
  5. 教育部(民93a):特殊教育統計年報。臺北:教育部。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林玿良(2010)。特殊教育班教師對於運用策略聯盟發展教育資源認知情形之調查研究─以新竹市為例。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-189。 
  2. 鄒尚燕(2010)。花蓮縣國民中學普通班教師運用特殊教育資源現況與需求之調查研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2010。1-165。 
  3. 黃淑萍(2008)。雲林縣國民小學普通班教師運用特殊教育資源現況與需求之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2008。1-164。 
  4. 鍾雅玲(2012)。高中職學習障礙學生學校適應之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2012。1-141。 
  5. 刁秀英(2006)。高職特教班教師利用教學資源中心融入教學需求之研究~以臺北市公立高職為例。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-106。
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