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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方德隆(民89)。九年一貫課程領域之統整。課程與教學季刊,3(1),1-18。
    2. 王秀玲(民85)。臺灣地區「前期中等教育」課程重要論題之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文,未出版,臺北。
    3. 吳美靜(民92)。國民中學社會學習領域教師教學專業知識之個案研究。國立台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士論文,未出版,台北。
    4. 呂慧娟(民91)。台北市國中公民與道德科教師對議題中心教學信念之研究。國立臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士論文,未出版,台北。
    5. 林靜芳(民89)。國中社會科統整課程的設計與發展。國立臺灣師範大學教育學習碩士論文。未出版。
    Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
    1. 簡羽均(2007)。教科書開放政策下國中公民科教師專業知能需求之研究- 以宜蘭縣為?。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-230。
    2. 溫俊卿(2007)。我國高職學生對校園人權實踐現況認知之研究-以苗栗縣某高職為例。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-191。
    3. 王瓊慧(2007)。人權教育活動課程教學對國中學生人權態度之影響-以臺北縣一所國中為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-192。
    4. 簡羽均(2008)。教科書開放政策下國中公民科教師專業知能需求之研究- 以宜蘭縣為例。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-230。
    5. 蔡幸樺(2010)。人權教育融入國中社會領域之個案研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2010。1-130。
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