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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王凱立(2000)。民間機構經營學校運動設施之可行性研究-以臺北市市立國民中學學校游泳池設施為例。國立臺灣大學土木工程學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 尤聰銘(2001)。游泳池服務品質之實證研-以彰化縣ABC泳健世界俱樂部為例。國立台灣師範大學體育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 黃仕柱(2001)。台灣地區高級中等學校游泳池環境管理與規劃設計之探討。國立台灣師範大學體育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 黃金柱(1993)。體育管理。台北:師大書苑。
  5. 馮瑞玉(2002)。服務業品質管理系統之構建與實證研究。未出版碩士論文,中原大學,桃園縣。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王新億(2012)。臺中市國民小學游泳教學實施現況、滿意度、困擾程度之關係研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-146。 
  2. 陳瑞辰(2007)。游泳池服務品質、顧客滿意度與再購意願之研究-以臺北縣三重市地區游泳池為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2007。1-141。
  3. 邱臣右(2009)。臺北市立中小學游泳池委外經營現況與困境之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-152。
  4. 許峻哲(2009)。汽車旅館服務品質與顧客滿意度對再宿意願影響之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2009。1-118。
  5. 藍青苗(2009)。花蓮遠雄悅來飯店的服務品質、顧客滿意度與顧客忠誠度的研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2009。1-82。
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