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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 165 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王亦欣(2003) 。探討國二學生閱讀漫畫表徵的文本對地球科學概念學習的影響—以天文和溫室效應為例。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 宋曜廷(2000) 。先前知識、文章結構與多媒體呈現對文章學習的影響。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系研究所博士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 林育聖(2002) 。自我解釋對程式語言IF敘述學習的影響。國立台灣師範大學資訊工程研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 林靜雯 (2000) 。由概念改變及心智模式初探多重類比對國小四年級學生電學概念學習之影響。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 林曉雯 (2003) 。學生對「開花植物生長與發育」概念之了解。師大學報:科學教育類, 48 (1),47-62。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳俊良(2006)。高職學生學習專業科目之認知負荷問題-以基本電學為例。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2006。1-127。
  2. 黃友亭(2011)。教師示範與文本提示對國小學童自我解釋與閱讀理解表現之影響。中央大學學習與教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-85。
  3. 蔡俊義(2011)。多重表徵理論在理化科教學成效之研究—以酸鹼鹽單元為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-186。
  4. 吳雅惠(2011)。概念構圖融入教學對國中生地理學習成效之影響。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-181。
  5. 黃玉萍(2013)。自我解釋對不同先備知識學生閱讀科學性文章學習成效的影響。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2013。1-116。
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