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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方進隆(1993)。健康體能的理論與實際。台北:漢文。
  2. 王亭貴(1996)。慢性肺疾病患者之運動處方。當代醫學,23(1),65-70。
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2004)。氣喘兒童照護者-父母學習手冊。桃園:長庚兒童醫院氣喘中心。
  4. 何茂松、鄭鴻衛、王挽華(1998)。其他功能性障礙。載於:國立台灣師範大學學校體育研究與發展中心,適應體育導論。台北:教育部,331-396。
  5. 吳玉萍、賴香如(2003)。氣喘學生之生活適應問題研究-以宜蘭縣五所中小學為例。醫護科學刊,5(3),262-282。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張美智(2006)。國小學童對氣喘同儕之關懷態度與效能研究。臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-117。
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