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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張淑女(2004)。從認識論的觀點探究大學生論證思考之能力與模式。台灣師範大學科學,教育科學教育研究所博士論文。
  2. 陳映辛(2004)。探究式實驗對高中生科學本質觀變化之探討。國立高雄師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 謝州恩、吳心楷(2005)。探究情境中國小學童科學解釋能力成長之研究。師大學報,50(2),55-84。
  4. Abd-El-Khalick, F., BouJaoude, S., Duschl, R., Lederman, N. G., Mamlok-Naaman, R., Hofstein, A. (2004). Inquiry in science education: International perspectives. Science Education, 88(3), 397 - 419.
  5. Abd-El-Khalick, F., & Lederman, N. G., (2000). Improving science teachers’ conceptions of nature of science:a critical review of the literature. International Journal of Science Education, 22(7), 665-701.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊詩敏(2008)。高中科學探究教學之個案研究:以一個新興科技探究模組課程實施為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-179。 
  2. 胡政德(2006)。準教師數學建模歷程分析研究-以Voronoi圖為例。臺灣師範大學數學系學位論文。2006。1-129。
  3. 陳培凱(2006)。中學地球科學教師個人背景與其地球科學教育目標看法之研究。臺灣師範大學地球科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-102。
  4. 簡錦鳳(2007)。文字鷹架對七年級學生科學解釋能力的影響。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-128。
  5. 賴韻如(2009)。鷹架式探究課程對學生心智模式和科學解釋之影響:以板塊構造學說為例。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2009。1-178。
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