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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Alderson, W. T., & Low, S. P. (1985). Interpretation of Historic Site. (2nd ed.). Nashville: American Association for State and Local History.
  2. Aplin, G. (2002). Heritage-Identification, Conservation, and Management. Australia: Oxford University Press.
  3. Fennell, D. A.(1998). Tourism in Canada. Annals of Tourism Research, 25(1):231-234.
  4. Grimwade, G. and Carter, B.(2000). Managing Small Heritage Sites with Interpretation And Community Involvement. International journal of heritage studies, 6(1), 33-48.
  5. Ham, S., H. (1992). Environmental Interpretation: A practical guide for people with big ideas and small budgets. Colorado: North America Press
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張瓊月(2008)。休閒農業解說人員專業知能之研究。臺東大學進修部休閒事業管理組碩(夜間)學位論文。2008。1-100。 
  2. 林琨錡(2015)。在地藝術家創作中的旅遊目的地地方意象之研究。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩研究所學位論文。2015。1-140。 
  3. 陳彩雅(2006)。自然筆記結合藝術與人文領域進行環境教育之教學研究。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-202。
  4. 葉凱翔(2009)。地震災害現址環境解說內涵之探討 -以921地震教育園區為例。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-200。
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