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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤瑞鴻、江東亮、藍忠孚(1991)。臺灣地區公共衛生研究所學位論文分析,1963~1991。中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌,10(5),331-352。
  2. 王石番(1991)。傳播內容分析法。臺北市:幼獅。
  3. 行政院體委會(1999)。中華民國體育白皮書。臺北市:行政院體育委員會。
  4. 吳萬福(1981)。我國大專院校體育學術研究的趨勢與未來努力的方向。中華民國大專院校七十學年度體育學術研討會專刊,頁117-130。
  5. 呂宛蓁(2005)。體育運動期刊中運動管理學文章之內容分析。中華體育,19(1),101-109。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張文鑫(2012)。我國自強童軍活動發展之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-183。
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