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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 250 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 文,國立彰化師範大學工業教育學系,彰化縣。
  2. 國立高雄師範大學成人教育研究所,高雄市。
  3. 朱淑儀(2003)。國民中學教師其生活型態與休閒參與之關係研究─臺北市為
  4. 吳承典(2003)。雲林縣國小教師休閒運動參與及阻礙因素之研究。未出版碩
  5. 吳珩潔(2002)。大北地區民眾休閒滿意度與幸福感之研究。未出版碩士論
Times Cited (41) 〈TOP〉
  1. 聶苑菁(2009)。台東縣國中生課業壓力與休閒需求之相關研究。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2009。1-105。 
  2. 賴富國(2008)。台南縣慢速壘球運動參與者參與動機與滿意度之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2008。1-96。 
  3. 羅淑燕(2015)。香港業餘戲劇參與者的戲劇參與動機。臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-100。 
  4. 林健誠(2014)。國中教師休閒參與及休閒阻礙相關之研究-以岡山地區為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-91。 
  5. 田育綺(2010)。高雄縣國中體育教師休閒認知.休閒參與及休閒滿意度相關之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-94。 
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