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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林素貞(民85):”直接教學法的故事”。載於中華民國特殊教育學會主編,特殊學生的學習與轉銜,133-142。
  2. 林敏慧(民89):學習層次和教學策略對國小輕度智障兒童學習不同類型加法應用題成效之影響。國立台北師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文。未出版。
  3. 施彥亨(民90):直接教學模式在國小智能障礙學生口腔衛生教學之應用成效研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文。未出版。
  4. 徐智杰(民91):網際網路CAI對國中智障學生錢幣使用學習成效之研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文。未出版。
  5. 陳清原(民89):直接教學法對高職特教班學生在技能學習成效之研究—以汽車美容課為例。。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。未出版。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張文雅(2011)。直接教學法對國小學習障礙學童時間量運算教學成效之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2011。1-112。 
  2. 簡梨蓉(2009)。故事結構教學策略對國小輕度智能障礙學生閱讀理解成效之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2009。1-153。 
  3. 謝碩澤(2008)。直接教學法對智能障礙學生識字教學成效之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2008。1-129。 
  4. 宣崇慧(2007)。直接教學模式對不同認知問題識字困難學童學習成效及其相關因素之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2007。1-281。
  5. 彭愛筑(2009)。圖示輔助與直述教學對國中智能障礙學生數學解題成效之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-148。
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