Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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    2. 王伯宇、郭天祥(2003)。冒險活動於企業教育訓練之運用。中華體育季刊,18(2),34-41。
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    Times Cited (49) 〈TOP〉
    1. 洪國修(2012)。健身房使用者參與動機與性別意識型態之研究。中興大學運動與健康管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-53。 
    2. 劉錦源(2011)。鄉村成人偏差休閒行為之研究-以台東地區小吃部為例。臺東大學進修部休閒事業管理組碩(夜間)學位論文。2011。1-123。 
    3. 彭衍芳(2010)。休閒農業體驗活動參與動機與休閒效益之研究。臺東大學進修部休閒事業管理組碩(夜間)學位論文。2010。1-126。 
    4. 陳淑芬(2009)。國小學童學校運動社團參與動機與運動社會化之研究。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2009。1-119。 
    5. 康龍豐(2009)。臺灣地區劍道運動參與者參與動機與學習滿意度之相關研究。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2009。1-117。 
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