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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 371 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江文雄(1998)。校長評鑑可行性探討。教師天地,96,10-18。
  2. 李玉惠(2003)。國民中學學校革新的社會動力研究。國立台灣師範大學
  3. 沈翠蓮(1994)。國民小學教師專業成長、教學承諾與學校效能關係研究。
  4. 林奇芳(2002)。研發團隊創造力指標建構之研究---以高科技專業為例。
  5. 國立台灣師範大學工業科技教育研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高羅春香(2014)。不同籍別校長治理偏鄉小學之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-74。 
  2. 戴菊鄉(2014)。國民中學校長創新領導、教師工作壓力適應與學校效能關係之研究-以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-240。 
  3. 胡冬吟(2001)。國民中學校長生涯規劃之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2001。1-159。
  4. 傅美琴(2007)。桃園縣國民中學校長情緒管理與學校效能相關之研究。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-175。
  5. 林清琴(2007)。臺北市里幹事情緒管理與人際關係之研究。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2007。1-134。
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