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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何佳欣(2004)。從異質系統的資訊組織模式探討數位圖書館整合檢索之效能-以華文知識入口網站為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所,台北市。
  2. 李宜容(1998)。人文及社會學科讀者使用線上公用目錄檢索詞彙之研究。大學圖書館,2(3),72-104。
  3. 林信成、蕭勝文(2003)。模糊詮釋資料及其在圖書館分類編目之應用。教育資料與圖書館學,41(1),61-76。
  4. 陳光華(1999)。資訊檢索技術之核心。大學圖書館,3(1),17-28。
  5. 陳和琴(2004)。FRBR與編目規則的未來發展研探。海峽兩岸圖書資訊學暨教育發展研討會組委會編,2004年海峽兩岸圖書資訊學暨教育發展研討會論文集(頁29-40)。台北市:中華圖書資訊學教育學會。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡比倫(2013)。國立中正文化中心表演藝術圖書館服務滿意度調查。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2013。1-121。
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