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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂錘卿、林生傳(2001)。國民小學教師專業成長指標及現況之研究。國立高
  2. 林靖芬(1999)。台北市國小女性教師生涯發展與工作滿意度之研究。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。(未出版)
  3. 林錦杏(2000)。國民小學校長專業成長需求之研究 。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。(未出版)
  4. 張素貞(2004)。國民小學身心障礙資源班教師專業成長之研究-以知能分析和方案規劃為例。國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育研究所博士論文。
  5. 張添州(1993)。生涯發展與規劃。台北:五南。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳銘峻(2013)。師資培育之大學中等學校師資培育生生涯發展狀況與婚姻觀關係之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-176。 
  2. 劉秋香(2009)。特殊教育教師甄試成功者相關因素之研究 - 以學士後特殊教育學分班教師生涯發展為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-144。 
  3. 楊淑美(2008)。臺北市高職特教教師在職進修現況之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-117。
  4. 蔡銘玹(2010)。我國高級職業學校製圖科教師製圖專業能力之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2010。1-179。
  5. 黃筱嵐(2011)。看見創意的彩虹-三位國小班級經營創意教師之生涯發展與班級經營創意歷程之探析。臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-170。
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