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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳文忠(1981)。學校體育教師手冊。台北,健行文化。
  2. 陳玉蘭(2005)。唐氏症與游泳運動。中華體育季刊,19(4),17-25。
  3. 陳啟誠(2003)。台北市立國民中學使用校內運動場地設施滿意度調查研究。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學,台北。
  4. 陳長明、廖運榮(2002)。台北縣國中生體育課學習滿意度調查研究。中華民國大專院校九十一年度體育學術研討會專刊(上冊),349-356。
  5. 許家榮(2003)。行銷研究對於提昇游泳運動人口的重要性探討。體育學系系刊,3,73-78。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳淑禎(2010)。高雄市中小學實施游泳教學現況與問題之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-155。
  2. 王慈月(2010)。國小學童游泳教學教練領導風格對學習滿意度之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-77。
  3. 張佳裕(2011)。臺北市國中生游泳課參與之阻礙因素探討。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-147。
  4. 廖于萱(2011)。雲林縣國高中藝術才能音樂班學生學習滿意度之調查研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-140。
  5. 周禾韻(2012)。八年級學生中音直笛學習滿意度之調查研究-以屏東縣為例。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-117。
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