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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 羅文輝(1995)。「新聞記者選擇消息來源的偏向」,新聞學研究,50:1-13。
    2. 曠湘霞(1982)。「記者形象研究:不同群體所持記者形象之內容與差異分析」,新聞學研究,30:79-113。
    3. Atwater, T. & Fico, F. (1986). Source reliance and use in reporting state government. Research Journal, (8)1, 53-62.
    4. Bailey, C. A. & Lichty, L. W. (1972). Rough justice on a Saigon Street: A gate keeper study of NBC’s test execution film . Journalism Quarterly, 49, 221-229.
    5. Berkowitz, D. (1987). TV news sources and news channels: A study in Agenda-building. Journalism Quarterly, 64(2), 508-513.
    Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林均郁(2007)。從「林志玲現象」與「名模熱」看台灣名模產業與影視娛樂產業之間 的關係:一個政治經濟學分析。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-111。 
    2. 劉敏娟(2007)。報紙影劇新聞版面引用部落格資訊為新聞來源之現象分析。元智大學資訊傳播學系學位論文。2007。1-139。 
    3. 杜思誠(2008)。高風險的性?從男同志轟趴參與者的性實作檢視「多重性伴侶」的愛滋風險論述。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2008。1-134。 
    4. 羅玉潔(2004)。人脈與新聞:一個社會資本觀點的研究 ──以傑出財經記者與消息來源的關係為例。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2004。1-156。 
    5. 葉元之(2004)。臺灣總統大選候選人新聞發布之研究---以2004年連宋全國競選總部為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2004。1-175。 
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