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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 186 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2.人本教育基金會:《愛的手冊》,台北:人本教育基金會,民國八十六年,再版,
    2. 16.林紀東:《中華民國憲法逐條釋義(一)》,台北:大中國,民國八十二年,改訂五十六版。
    3. 1.〈司法院大法官會議釋字第三八二號解釋文〉,《監察院公報》:第二0九一期,民國八十六年,第235~236頁。
    4. 2.《人本教育札記》:第一一六期,民國八十七年,第67頁。
    5. 3.《人本教育札記》:第一二一期,民國八十八年,第88~89頁。
    Times Cited (36) 〈TOP〉
    1. 周淑晶(2013)。新北市國中教師知覺對教師權利與義務認同與實現程度之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-119。 
    2. 阮雅芸(2013)。新北市國民中學教師知覺管教方式之認同度與有效性研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-140。 
    3. 李雅菁(2010)。管與不管之間—零體罰法制化效應之探究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-269。 
    4. 陳慧娟(2010)。零體罰政策對兩位國民中學教師管教行為之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-178。 
    5. 李仁宗(2011)。臺東縣國小教師對高年級學生不當行為管教方式與效果之研究。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2011。1-153。 
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