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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 10 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中文部份
  2. 1. 韋金龍(民80):超媒體簡介。視聽教育雙月刊,32(6),P21~23。
  3. 2. 顏榮泉(民85):全球資訊網輔助學習系統之建構模式~以生活科技課程為例,國立台灣師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文,P4~5。
  4. 3. 王立行(民81):電腦輔助教學的理論與實務探討。資訊與教育雜誌,第30期,P24~33。
  5. 4. 張春興(民86):教育心理學,東華書局。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝禎宏(2006)。「問題本位學習」教學模式對國小 三年級學生科學概念與小組溝通之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-171。 
  2. 李清平(2004)。國中自然與生活科技領域學習網站之製作。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-72。
  3. 賴育鍾(2006)。概念構圖教學策略應用在八年級學生政府概念學習之行動研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-225。
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