Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方泰山(民81~88):中華民國參加第二十四屆~第卅一屆國際化學奧林匹亞競賽總報告。
  2. 方泰山、蕭次融,「國際化學奧林匹亞-化學課程教材與 1986 ~ 1996年分類試題」,國立臺灣師範大學科學教育中心編印,中華民國86年4月。
  3. 方泰山、蕭次融,「國際化學奧林匹亞-化學課程教材與 1986 ~ 1996年分類試題解答」,國立臺灣師範大學科學教育中心編印,中華民國87年4月。
  4. 方泰山:三十屆國際化學奧林匹亞實作問題回顧。
  5. 毛松霖(民76):「我國中小學生資料處理與解釋能力之工具發展研究」,中華民國75年度科學教育學術研討會論文彙編,民國76年2月。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳玉玲(2002)。國際化學奧林匹亞競賽(IChO)歷屆實作試題三大層級的界定與詮釋之的研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2002。1-151。
  2. 趙潤隆(2002)。國際化學奧林匹亞競賽(IChO)歷屆理論競賽試題及歷屆我國選手表現的分析比較研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2002。1-136。
  3. 林嘉祺(2010)。第41屆英國牛津劍橋國際化學奧林匹亞競賽台灣代表隊選拔過程、輔導與成果的分析比較研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2010。1-121。
  4. 吳道愉(2012)。我國參與國際科學奧林匹亞競賽選手專業發展的追蹤研究—以1991~1996年參賽選手為對象。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2012。1-161。
  5. 陳逸祥(2012)。單一性別選訓名額措施對台灣中學女生參加化學奧林匹亞競賽表現的研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2012。1-96。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :