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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 177 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署 (1992):公共衛生概況。台北:行政院衛生署。
  2. 「對科學的態度」的影響研究。國立台灣師範大學地球科學研究所碩
  3. 對討論中的效應。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 吳京(1997):重整技職教育,提昇國家競爭力,技術及職業教育雙月
  5. 林安梧(1999a):台灣文化治療自序--通識教育現象學引論。鵝湖月
Times Cited (26) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉綉燕(2008)。台北縣國民小學學務人員角色知覺、 工作壓力與自我效能之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-177。 
  2. 賴世堃(2008)。消費者對有機米的認知及購買意願分析。中興大學行銷學系所學位論文。2008。1-93。 
  3. 莊珮君(2013)。科學新聞融入問題本位學習對七年級學生生物學習動機與學習成就的影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-77。 
  4. 賴淑婷(2007)。科學史融入教學對學生科學學習成效影響之統合分析。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-165。 
  5. 鄒佳芬(2007)。探究式教學對學生科學學習成效影響之統合分析。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-126。 
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