Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳青蓉(1996):英語科專家/生手教師教學歷程與教學效果之比較研究。台北市:國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  2. 林生傳(1990):國中教師專業行為之主要參照團體研究。國立高雄師範大學教育系與教育研究所教育學刊,9,263-292。
  3. 范德鑫(1980):教師期待與國中學生數學科成績、操行成績關係之研究。教育心理學報,13,179-186。
  4. 孫志麟(1991):自我效能的基本概念及其在教育上的應用。教育研究雙月刊,22,47-53。
  5. 郭生玉(1980):教師期望與教師行為及學生學習行為關係之分析。教育心理學報,13,133-152。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡宇晴(2014)。提升國中學生英語自我效能之行動研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-149。 
  2. 黃炎峰(2000)。高中生對於直流電路概念及其類比模型理解之研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2000。1-119。
  3. 丁振博(2000)。國二學生之社會比較類型及其與理化實驗自我效能之相關研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2000。1-121。
  4. 李瓊慧(2001)。以凱利方格法探究國三學生電化學迷思概念。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2001。1-108。
  5. 侯世昌(2001)。國民小學家長教育期望、參與學校教育與學校效能之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2001。1-390。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :