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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 18 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林宏一(1988):大一與高三學生『化學平衡』解題歷程與行為之分析。國立彰化師範大學教學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 邱美虹(1998):概念改變研究的省思。論文發表於中華民國第十四屆科學教育學術研討會。高雄市:國立高雄師範大學。
  3. 邱美虹(2000a):概念改變研究的省思與啟示,科學教育學刊,8(1),1-34。
  4. 蔡玟錦、陳瓊森(1992)發展紙筆測驗以探究高三學生對化學平衡的迷思概念並應用以發展教學診斷工具。國立彰化師範大學學報,12,149-174。
  5. 參考文獻:
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李蕙蘭(2005)。臺灣地區技職教育相關研究所學位論文內容分析之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2005。1-295。 
  2. 李世峰(2001)。高中學生應用勒沙特列原理判斷非均勻相系化學平衡的迷思概念探討。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2001。1-171。
  3. 藍偉瑩(2001)。小組互動與概念改變機制之探討─以物質狀態與氣體性質概念為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2001。1-216。
  4. 鍾孟蓉(2001)。當泰雅族學童「遇到」科學家---探討不同族群背景學童之科學家意象。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2001。1-243。
  5. 余秀麗(2002)。探討國中三年級學生對於重力概念之瞭解及心智模式。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-169。
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